Thomas Hardy – Tess of the d’Urbervilles (1891)

Boots – the reason (to disguise her laborer status) misinterpereted (as beggar trying to look poorer) and then it seems that they might actually be why…always something more depressing…

Does narrator participates in fetishizing Tess as object of nature/seductress/evil

Narrator interpellates the reader’s opinion

Novel: it’s wrong of us to project sin onto something

“Shameless nature” – wrong for us to think of shame as something than can happen NATURALLY…they are shamless but sinful…the judgment is on the social sphere which is itself creating sin

197 – complicity between Angel and the narrator

naturalization of women (as seductive power, etc.)

Rustic writer, not an urban writer (but only with much resentment…the country is the thing that he can never shed, and not the thing he wants to return to…which aligns him with Tess, which….Hardy: everybody wants me to be the rustic country gentle man…)

To say that Tess is guilty is to acknowledge that there is no vantage from which to posit a model of natural existence (in art)..and the only way to do it justice is to sacrifice Tess to that…Tess become figure for Hardy, b/c rustic writer (constantly seen as pure piece of nature) is also impossible (but constantly constructed by the social as true or existing)

387 – So does time destroy her own romances (it’s economic vs. imaginative)

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